A young man who backs down in such situations is mocked as a coward and loses status amongst peers.The real problem about walking away from such confrontations is that a youth who loses in this way is less attractive to women.
Deciding in the dark: Age differences in intuitive risk judgment. doi: 10.1037/a0032778 Bechtold, J., Cavanagh, C., Shulman, E.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence.doi: 10.1007/s10964-013-0080-9 Malloy, L.
If a young man kills an acquaintance in a Detroit bar, does this have anything to do with elephant seals battering each other to death in the breeding season?
Most people, including most psychologists, would say that murders in Detroit have almost nothing to do with elephant seals slaughtering each other on an island off the coast of California.
Such gender differences are not universal, however, and there are sex-role-reversed species where females are larger, and more aggressive, than males. Gender differences in aggression are observable soon after birth and reflect brain masculinzation that occurs in the womb. It is after all what separates us from the animals, despite attempts by some to explain or justify sexual violence with biology.
This conclusion is supported by monkey experiments where females exposed to high levels of testosterone before birth played as boisterously as males subsequently.
Adolescent and mother report of impulsivity and subsequent delinquency.
Interrogations, confessions, and guilty pleas among serious adolescent offenders, Law and Human Behavior, 38, 181–193.
In a recent post, I addressed links between violent crime and male sexual competition.