It was not contiguous to Pakistan and other states physically separated it from Pakistan.
About half a million Muslims and Hindus were killed in communal riots following the partition of British India.
Millions of Muslims living in India and Hindus and Sikhs living in Pakistan emigrated in one of the most colossal transfers of population in the modern era.
According to the British plan for the partition of British India, all the 680 princely states were allowed to decide which of the two countries to join.
With the exception of a few, most of the Muslim-majority princely-states acceded to Pakistan while most of the Hindu-majority princely states joined India.
However, these efforts have been impeded by periodic terrorist attacks.
The 2001 Indian Parliament attack almost brought the two nations to the brink of a nuclear war.India's claim that the attack had been orchestrated by a Pakistan-supported jihadist group was denied by Pakistan, which claimed the attack had been a local reaction to unrest in the region due to excessive force by Indian security personnel.The attack sparked a military confrontation across the Line of Control, with an escalation in ceasefire violations and further militant attacks on Indian security forces.Pakistan's Naval Chief emphasizes the need to invest in shipping industry Date: Groundbreaking of CPEC's 1,320MW power plant in Hub, Balochistan today Date: CPEC to help set up transmission lines in Pakistan Date: Three main railway lines to be upgraded as part of CPEC Date: Eliminating terror key to CPEC success: President Mamnoon Hussain Date: Peshawar Circular Railway project to be presented In Beijing Road Show Date: Gwadar hogs limelight at Cityscape property show in Qatar Date: Students learning Chinese language in Sukkur, Sindh Date: 100 Chinese companies interested in building Lahore skyscrapers Date: CPEC to bring welfare to people of Pakistan: Madame Ambassador, Diana Bao Date: ISLAMABAD: Minister of State Engineer Muhammad Baligh Ur Rehman said that Pakistan will have collaboration with China for establishing technical institutions in China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)...QUETTA: Work on construction of a 10-square kilometres industrial free zone in Gwadar is underway and the port city alone will be able to create over 40,000 jobs having more capacity of job opportunit...Despite those efforts, relations between the countries have remained frigid, following repeated acts of cross-border terrorism.